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National Identity and Happiness: A Quantitative Study with Romanian Data

postat 21 sept. 2009, 13:24 de Sergiu Baltatescu   [ actualizat la 11 iul. 2015, 15:07 ]

Sergiu Bălţătescu

in: Boari V. & Gherghina S. (coord.), Weighting the Difference: Romanian Identity in the Wider European Context, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2009, pp. 184-209.

Abstract: This chapter tries to elucidate the relationship between national identity and happiness in post-communist Romania, in the context of two main goals of European social policy: to promote people’s well-being and to maintain the cohesion at Union’s level. It develops a model of the relationship between subjective well-being (the scientific operationalization of happiness), evaluations of personal and national well-being, and national identity indicators. Then, using data from World Values Survey Romania 2005, it tests the proposed associations, while controlling for socio-demographical variables. The respondents who display the lowest national pride and identification with the country were the members of ethnic minorities, but also the young, the more educated and those living in the urban areas, a finding that give support to both ethnic nationalism (Smith) and cosmopolitanism (Inglehart and Norris) theories. All personal and national well-being variables influence the pride of being Romanian when controlling for socio-demographical variables and, in turn, all these categories of variables are positively associated with subjective well-being. The results support the view that subjective well-being is influenced by one’s position in the society but also by one’s feelings and attitudes towards his or her nation. At the policy level, it can be concluded that increasing people’s well-being while making democracy and market economy work will enhance social cohesion and also feelings of belongingness to European nations. The clarification of relationship between well-being and social cohesion would, however, benefit from further in-depth research, focused on the structure of national identity.

Keywords: national identity, national pride, subjective well-being, social cohesion


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Sergiu Baltatescu,
26 iul. 2010, 00:07
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Sergiu Baltatescu,
11 iul. 2015, 15:06
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