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Subjective well-being of immigrants in Europe. A comparative study

postat 14 sept. 2010, 04:39 de Sergiu Baltatescu   [ actualizat la 14 sept. 2010, 04:51 ]

Sergiu Bălţătescu

In: L. Pop & C. Matiuţă (coord.), European Identity and Free Movement of Persons in Europe, University of Oradea Publishing House, Oradea, pp. 128-143.

Abstract: Studies available in Europe report a lower immigrant’s quality of life, caused by the low place in social structure but also by discriminations in the adopting countries. Until now, this could not be tested in a comparative perspective given the scarcity of the data. This study tries to fill this gap using the first round of European Social Survey (2002/2003), a very robust research that sets new standards in this field. It includes a “citizenship and immigration” module that allows the study of subjective perceptions of immigrants and attitudes of the public towards this group. Moreover, the dimensions of the samples are large enough to permit comparisons between resident foreigners and natives. The results show that in almost all countries immigrants report lower levels of subjective well-being and higher levels of perceived discrimination than the rest of the population. Somehow paradoxically, immigrants report higher satisfaction with social and political conditions in the host countries. This proves that social comparison is an important dimension of this subjective evaluation.

Keywords: economic migration, life satisfaction, acculturation, bottom-up hypothesis, paradox
Sergiu Baltatescu,
14 sept. 2010, 04:50